Workshop on the shared experiences of supplementary feeding in reindeer husbandry – a collaborative approach across Fennoscandia
On 22-23 March 2018, the three Nordic Centres of Excellence CLINF, ReiGN and REXSAC organized a workshop on the ‘challenges and opportunities of supplementary feeding in reindeer husbandry in Kiruna, Sweden.
In reindeer husbandry, supplementary feeding has become an increased necessity to cope with difficult grazing conditions, declining availability of natural grazing resources and increasing fragmentation of grazing grounds. However, supplementary feeding involves difficult choices for reindeer herders in maintaining their traditional herding practices.
The application of and experience with supplementary feeding varies considerably in the Fennoscandian reindeer husbandry area: while already practiced for several decades in southern reindeer areas of Finland, supplementary feeding is not yet as common in Sweden, Norway and Northern Finland.
24 reindeer herders from Finland, Norway and Sweden have participated to the workshop and have shared their experiences about the economic, cultural, institutional, environmental, and health related concerns involved in supplementary feeding, as well as with 20 researchers (e.g.anthropologists, geographers, ecologists, sociologists, veterinarians, etc.) from the three different NCoEs.
The workshop was a first important step to create a basis for sharing experiences and to gain further insight into barriers and opportunities linked to supplementary feeding. However, more interaction between countries will be necessary in the future to enable the exchange of detailed knowledge of the complexities and challenges related to supplementary feeding.
Given the very difficult grazing conditions in the winter 2017/2018, the workshop can be considered a timely and necessary addition to the existing work in the NCoEs.
A final report will be written in collaboration with reindeer herders this year.
Photo: Tundra plateau with a small herd of reindeer. Photo credit: Peter Nijenhuis. Flickr.