Governance structures for extractive industries: Identifying path dependencies (RT 3)

This research task will identify and explain how Environmental Impact Assessments and Social Impact Assessments have changed in response to a range of political pressures – and why some actors remain more important than others in these processes.

RT3-EIA-and-SIA-Greenland

Governance structures for extractive industries: Identifying path dependencies (RT 3)

Governance structures for extractive industries in the Arctic are increasingly integrated in complex structures where international as well as national pressures are factored into mining policy. Yet structures and practices from the past still influence the possibilities to improve legislative and governance structures for extractive industries – including important governance tools such as Environmental Impact Asessments (EIA) and Social Impact Assessments (SIA). Through a focus on the origins and evolution of EIA and SIA legislation, this research task will identify and explain how EIA and SIA have changed in response to a range of political pressures – and why some actors remain more important than others in these processes. The research will analyze a representative number of cases, from different time periods and representing changing legislation and practices from different regions of the Arctic. These will be selected from the core case study areas in Sweden and Greenland  but also from northern Canada in order to draw broader lessons from around the Arctic. This is particularly important for EIA and SIA in Greenland, where the relevant structures remain comparatively underdeveloped. The research will be conducted in the archives of legislative bodies and regional authorities, primarily in Sweden, Denmark, and Greenland, but also in Canada. In addition, semi-structured interviews will be conducted with representatives of governing bodies, local residents, and mining companies.

Large image: Reports from the Greenland government about environmental and social impact assessments.

Small Image: Mining site, Narsaq, Greenland. Photo: EEA Flickr Creative Commons

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